Tuesday, January 9, 2018

Interesting Facts about India

 India is the most amazing country of the World. There are lot of interesting  facts about India which are not yet popular and known to all people. India is a country that can boast of  many places with weird things, facts & culture. Here's a collection of some interesting and  incredible facts about India. 

1. The Tirupati Balaji temple and the Kashi Vishwanath Temple both, receive 
more visitors than the Vatican City and Mecca combined.
Image result for tirupathi balaji temple

                                                              Triupathi temple

Image result for kashi vishwanath temple images

                                                       Kashi Viswanath Temple

2.India is one of the only three countries that makes Super Computers (the US and Japan are the other two).

Supercomputer PARAM 8000 (made by C-DAC) was launched on July 01, 1991 is considered India's first supercomputer. It was indigenously built in 1991 by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing and was replicated and installed at ICAD Moscow in 1991 under Russian collaboration.

Green 500

3.India has the largest postal network in the world with over 1, 55,015 post offices. A single post office on an average serves a population of 7,175 people. The floating post office in Dal Lake, Srinagar, was inaugurated in August 2011.

4. At an altitude of 2,444 meters, the Chail Cricket Ground in Chail, Himachal Pradesh, is the highest in the world. It was built in 1893 and is a part of the Chail Military School.
5. Every 12 years, a religious gathering called the Kumbh Mela occurs in India. 
It is the world’s largest gathering of people. The gathering is so large that
the Kumbh Mela is visible from the space.
Related image
6. India has more mosques (300,000 mosques) than any other nation in the world.
7. Today, India has the world’s largest school in terms of students, the City Montessori School in Lucknow. It has more than 45 thousand students!
8. Number of births in India every year is more than the total population of Australia, and many other nations.
9. India has the largest English speaking population in the world.
10. Lonar Lake, a saltwater lake in Maharashtra, was created by a meteor hitting the Earth and is one of its kind in India.
Image result for lonar lake images
11. Buttons were invented in India. Yes, your shirt’s buttons.
12. And shampoo.
13. And cataract surgery.
14. And plastic surgery.
15. And discovered water on the moon.
16. India’s tech capital, Bangalore, has increased its office supply by six times since 2006, and now has more Grade-A offices than Singapore.
17. India is the largest milk producer in the world.
18. India leads the world with the most murders (32,719) per year, with Russia taking second at 28,904 murders per year.

19. Chai (teais India’s national drink.
20. Martial Arts was first created in India.
21. India gave the world Yoga, that has existed for more than 5,000 years.

22. Mawsynram, a village on the Khasi Hills, Meghalaya, receives the highest recorded average rainfall in the world. Cherrapunji, also a part of Meghalaya, holds the record for the most rainfall in the calendar year of 1861.

23. "We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us how to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made". - Albert Einstein.

Image result for i am proud to be an indian

Tuesday, December 12, 2017

Rituals conducted at Balaji temple,Tirupathi

Image result for Tirumala Tirupati Temple
Tirumala Tirupati Temple is accredited for being the most visited temple of India and second most visited shrine in the world after Vetican. Positioned on Venkatachala or Ventaka Hill (the seventh peak of the Tirupati Hill) in Chittoor district, Tirupati Temple is also the richest temple of the World. Dedicated to Sri Venketeshwara, the temple lies on the southern side of Swami Pushkarini. Tirupati Balaji Temple is accessible from anywhere in Andhra Pradesh. 
The lavish temple follows complex rituals and sermons of worship that were prescribed by Ramanuja Acharya in the 12th century. Every day, the program begins with 'Suprabhatam', which encompasses awakening of the Lord at 3'O clock in the morning. 'Ekanta Seva' is the last program, in which, the Lord is made to sleep at 1'O clock in the night. 

As per the day and period, different 'sevas' (services) and 'utsavams' (festivals) are held in the shrine of the Lord. 'Hundi' is a donation box and this is the main source of temple's income. Devotees offer donations as per their desire in these boxes that are kept at intervals in the temple. For the ease of the pilgrims, different 'darshans' including 'Sarvadarshan', 'Special Darshan' and 'Sudarshanam' are prearranged. 
Source:http://www.culturalindia.net/indian-temples/tirupati-balaji.html

Tirupathi Devasthanam has made special arrangements for the Senior citizens and physically handicapped persons as per details given in my blog with the following link:
https://svsaibaba.blogspot.in/2016/11/tirumala-tirupati-devasthanam-senior.html 
The following list explains some of the various rituals in the temple:
Suprabhatam : 
Every morning the Suprabhatam, Prapatti and Mangalasasanam slokas are recited, and a descendant of Tallapaka Annamacharya sings a few of Annamacharya’s sankeertanas. Devotees present at the time of Suprabhatam can have the Lord’s Suprabhata Darsanam, also called Viswarupa Sarvadarsanam.
Kalyanotsavam : 
Kalyanotsavam is also known as Vaivahikotsavam or Pendli Tirunal. It is conducted in the Kalyana Mandapam and its rituals are similar to those followed in Hindu marriages.
The utsava murti of the Lord (Malayappaswami) is the bridegroom and the two nachimars are the two brides. An imaginary family pedigree of the contracting parties is recited during the course of the ritual.   
The deities of the bridegroom and brides face each other with a screen in between. They are allowed to see each other only at the appropriate auspicious moment when the screen is removed. Marriage homams are performed. A purohit conducts the marriage and an archaka is consecrated to perform the homams and other rituals, on behalf of the bridegroom.
After the marriage, valuable clothes are presented to the brides and the bridegroom and to the purohit and the archaka. Dakshina is also given to the brahmins who officiate at the function. Sweets, cake and food are offered to the deity and distributed to those who are present. In terms of rituals, Pratyeka Kalyanotsavam is the same as Kalyanotsavam.
Tomala Seva  
Tomala Seva involves the decoration of the Lord with flowers. Tomala is the shortened form of the Tamil expression ‘Toditta Malai’ (adorning the deity with garlands of flowers). The flower garlands are prepared in Yamunat-turai. According to tradition, there are fixed specifications as to the kinds of flowers to be used, their source and the length of the garlands. The periya jiyar of the temple or his ekangi bring the garlands along with a lit torch in a procession, to the accompaniment of the beat of the jeghanta.
The deity is then adorned with the flowers , while the mantra- pushpam is recited in the Sayana Mandapam.
The service comes to a close with the waving of the flame known as nakshatra-harati, the sprinkling of mantrodaka, waving of vinjamara, and the priest dedicating the service to the lotus feet of the Lord. During the service, the Vaikhasana priest is assisted by the ekangi. Admission for Tomala Seva is through the Vaikuntam Queue Complex.
Koil Alwar Thirumanjanam 
Koil Alwar Thirumanjanam is a purificatory ceremony that takes place in the sanctum. It is performed four times a year – before Ugadi, Aanivari Asthanam, the annual Brahmotsavam and Vaikuntha Ekadashi.
After the first bell, the smaller deities and other articles including the aghandam deepam in the sanctum are moved to the ante chamber. the main deity of the Lord is covered with water-proof material.
The sanctum is then cleansed and a ground paste of kumkum, karpooram (camphor) and chandanam (sandalwood paste) is applied to the walls, ceiling and floor. After some time, the walls are wipred clean. The water-proof covering on the deity is removed, and Laghu Thirumanjanam is given to the main deity and Bhoga Srinivasa. Food is then offered to the Lord during the second bell.
Pavitrotsavam
Pavitrotsavam is a purificatory ceremony, the objective of which is to expiate the mistakes and offenses arising in the daily worship of the deity. This function is elaborately performed in the month of August every year.
Pushpa Yagam
Pushpa Yagam is the worship of the Lord with a variety of sweets and fragrant flowers. It is conducted on sravana nakshatram day after Brahmotsavam.
Archana
First Archana: During the First Archana, also called the Sahasranama Archana, the Lord is worshipped by reciting the Sahasranamam (1008 names of the Lord). Admission for Archana is through the Vaikuntam Queue Complex.
First Bell: This is the first Naivedyam (food offering) to the Lord for the day. Naivedyam is announced by ringing the two bells, followed by Sattumura (recitation of a few psalms of the Prabandham by the Jiyangar or his assistant and the Vaishnava acharya purushas), and the distribution of curd-mixed food among them.
Food is also offered to to Vishwaksena, Garuda and the Nityasuries. The ringing of bells and Naivedyam are popularly known as the First Bell of the temple.
Second Bell and Second Archana: The Second Bell or Aparanhapuja is the second Naivedyam for the Lord. It is followed by a second Archana when the Ashthottaranama (108 names of the Lord as given in the Varaha Purana) is read. This is an ekantam (private) service, and pilgrims are not allowed to witness this ritual.
Abhishekam
Abhishekam to the Lord Sri Venkateswara is performed in the early hours, every Friday. Traditional natural perfumed camphor, saffron, and milk are used for giving a sacred bath to Lord Venkateswara. The namam (white religious mark on the Lord’s forehead) is drawn with an intermediate thin tapering line of musk.
Chanting of Vedas and prabandhams: Abhishekam is then performed for the gold image of Sri Lakshmi which hangs in a gold chain on His chest, to the chanting of Sri-Suktam. And at the end, a harati of camphor is waved. The Lord is dressed in a pitambaram along with valuable ornaments.
The saffron water collected from the Lord’s body is the Abhisheka Tirtham; it is considered to be holy since it has been in contact with His body. It is given in small spoonfuls to the pilgrims during the Sarvadarsanam that follows as theerthams.
Abhishekam is conducted every Friday, it lasts approxiamately for one and half hours from 0400 hrs. Holders of Rs. 12,250.00, Rs. 750.00, Rs. 300.00 and Rs. 150.00 (per head) tickets are admitted. Only a limited number of tickets are issued for Abhishekam. On Friday, Tomala Seva and Archana are conducted from 0700 hrs to 0800 hrs.
Unjal Seva
Sri Malayappaswami (utsava murthi), Sridevi and Bhudevi are seated in an unjal in the Aina Mahal (Hall of Mirrors) and swung to the accompaniment of Vedaparayanam and Mangala Vadyam.
Vasanthotsavam
Vasanthotsavam is a festival of colours. It is a periodical festival celebrated in the month of vasantham.
Sahasra Deepalankarana Seva
This seva is performed in the Unjal Mandapam. The Mandapam glows with the lights of sahasra deepa (a thousand earthern lamps). The Lord is seated on an unjal, which is rocked gently to the accompaniment of a clarinet orchestra.
Sadalimpu or Sallimpu (on Thursdays)
Tiruppavada, on Thursday, the rich garments and ornaments with which Lord Venkateswara is adorned on the previous Friday are, to a large extent, removed and a bare minimum (dhoti and uttariyam) is left on His body. This process is called Sadalimpu or Sallimpu (loosening or removing). The Lord is dressed in a laced velvet gown.
The kasturi (mark on the Lord’s forehead) is also removed leaving only a thin mark
Pulangi Seva (on Thursdays)
After the evening puja and Naivedyam on Thursdays, the Lord’s deity is covered with garlands of flowers extending from the crown to His feet. This decoration – exclusively with flowers – is called Pulangi Seva. This is an arjitha seva (paid seva), admission for which is given on the payment of a fee.
Arjitha Brahmotsavam
Brahmotsavam is performed for one day in an abridged manner within the temple precincts. Sri Malayappaswami (utsava murti) with His two consorts is worshipped in the Kalyana Mandapam with Vedic mantras and rituals and mounted on three vahanams – (golden Pedda Sesha Vahanam, silver Garuda Vahanam and silver Hanumantha Vahanam). This seva is performed after Kalyanotsavam.

Source: https://www.indiadivine.org/rituals-of-worship-at-tirupati/
TIMINGS OF DIFFERENT PUJAS AND SEVAS IN THE TEMPLE:
Mondays
Special Seva- Vishesha Puja:05:30 to 07:00 hrs
02:30-03:00 hrsSuprabhatam
03:30 - 04:00 hrsThomala Seva (Ekantam)
04:00 - 04:15 hrsKoluvu and Panchanga Sravanam (Ekantam)
04:15 - 05:00 hrsFirst Archana i.e.,Sahasranama Archana (Ekantam)
08:00 - 09:00 hrsVisesha Puja
07:00 - 19:00 hrsSarvadarshanam
12:00 - 17:00 hrsKalyanostavam,Brahmostavam,Vasanthostavam,
Unjal Seva
17:30 - 18:30 hrsSahasra Deepalankarana Seva
19:00 - 20:00 hrsSuddhi,Night Kainkaryams (Ekantam) and Night Bell
20:00 - 01:00 hrsSarvadarshanam
01:00 - 01:30 hrsSuddi and preparations for Ekanta Seva
01:30 hrsEkanta Seva

Tuesdays
(Special Seva: Ashtadala Pada Padmaradhana) 06:00 - 07:00 hrs
02:30-03:00 hrsSuprabhatam
03:30 - 04:00 hrsThomala Seva
04:00 - 04:15 hrsKoluvu and Panchanga Sravanam (Ekantam)
04:15 - 05:00 hrsFirst Archana i.e.,Shasranama Archana
06:00 - 07:00 hrsSuddi Ashtadala Pada Padmaradhana Second Bell
07:00 - 19:00 hrsSarvadarshanam
12:00 - 17:00 hrsKalyanostavam,Brahmostavam,Vasanthostavam,
Unjal Seva
17:30 - 18:30 hrsSahasra Deepalankarana Seva
19:00 - 20:00 hrsSuddhi,Night Kainkaryams (Ekantam) and Night Bell
20:00 - 01:00 hrsSarvadarshanam
01:00 - 01:30 hrsSuddi and preparations for Ekanta Seva
01:30 hrsEkanta Seva

Wednesdays
(Special Seva: Sahasrakalasa Abhishekam 06:00 - 08:00 hrs)
02:30-03:00 hrsSuprabhatam
03:30 - 04:00 hrsThomala Seva
04:00 - 04:15 hrsKoluvu and Panchanga Sravanam inside
Bangaru Vakili (Ekantam)
04:15 - 05:00 hrsFirst Archana i.e.,Shasranama Archana (Ekantam)
06:00 - 08:00 hrsSahasraKalasa Abhishekam Second Archana (Ekantam) and Bell
09:30 - 19:00 hrsSarvadarshanam
12:00 - 17:00 hrsKalyanostavam,Brahmostavam,Vasanthostavam,
Unjal Seva
17:30 - 18:30 hrsSahasra Deepalankarana Seva
19:00 - 20:00 hrsSuddhi,Night Kainkaryams (Ekantam) and Night Bell
20:00 - 01:00 hrsSarvadarshanam
01:00 - 01:30 hrsSuddi and preparations for Ekanta Seva
01:30 hrsEkanta Seva

Thursdays
(Special Seva: Tiruppavada - 06:00 - 08:00 hrs
and Poolangi Alankaram - 21:00 - 22:00 hrs)
02:30-03:00 hrsSuprabhatam
03:30 - 04:00 hrsThomala Seva
04:00 - 04:15 hrsKoluvu and Panchanga Sravanam inside
Bangaru Vakili (Ekantam)
04:15 - 05:00 hrsFirst Archana i.e.,Shasranama Archana
06:00 - 07:00 hrsSallimpu, Second Archana (Ekantam),
Tiruppavada, Second Bell
08:00 - 19:00 hrsSarvadarshanam
12:00 - 17:00 hrsKalyanostavam,Brahmostavam,Vasanthostavam,
Unjal Seva
17:30 - 18:30 hrsSahasra Deepalankarana Seva
19:00 - 21:00 hrsPedda Suddhi, Night Kainkaryams, Poolangi Alankaram
and Night Bell
21:00 - 01:00 hrsPoolangi Alankaram and Sarvadarshanam
01:00 - 01:30 hrsSuddi and preparations for Ekanta Seva
01:30 hrsEkanta Seva

Fridays
(Special Seva: Abhishekam) 04:30 - 06:00 hrs
02:30-03:00 hrsSuprabhatam
03:00 - 04:00 hrsSallimpu, Suddi, Nityakatla Kainkaryams,
Morning I Bell and preparation for Abhishekam
04:30 - 06:00 hrsAbhishekam and Nijapada Darsanam
06:00 - 07:00 hrsSamarpana
07:00 - 08:00 hrsThomala Seva  and Arcahna (Ekantam)
09:00 - 20:00 hrsSarvadarshanam
12:00 - 17:00 hrsKalyanostavam,Brahmostavam,Vasanthostavam,
Unjal Seva
18:00 - 20:00 hrsSahasra Deepalankarana Seva at Kolimi Mandapam
and Procession along the Mada streets.
20:00 - 21:00 hrsSuddhi,Night Kainkaryams (Ekantam) and Night Bell
21:00 - 22:00 hrsSarvadarshanam
22:00 - 22:30 hrsSuddi and preparations for Ekanta Seva
22:30 hrsEkanta Seva

Satrurdays and Sundays
02:30-03:00 hrsSuprabhatam
03:30 - 04:00 hrsThomala Seva (Ekantam)
04:00 - 04:15 hrsKoluvu and Panchanga Sravanam (Ekantam)
04:00 - 04:30 hrsFirst Archana, Sahasranama Archana (Ekantam)
06:30- 07:00 hrsFirstBell, Bali and Sattumura
07:00 - 07:30 hrsSuddhi Second Archana (Ekantam), SecondBell,etc.
07:30 - 19:00 hrsSarvadarshanam
12:00 - 17:00 hrsKalyanostavam,Brahmostavam,Vasanthostavam,
Unjal Seva
17:30 - 18:30 hrsSahasra Deepalankarana Seva
19:00 - 20:00 hrsSuddhi,Night Kainkaryams (Ekantam) and Night Bell
20:00 - 01:00 hrsSarvadarshanam
01:00 - 01:30 hrsSuddi and preparations for Ekanta Seva
01:30 hrsEkanta Seva
Notes:Sarvadarsanam may continue beyond 01:00 hrs subject to demand. The seva rates may change from time to time.

            Source: http://www.tirumala.org/DailySevas.aspx